What Did South Africa Used To Be Called?

What was South Africa called before 1961?

Union of South AfricaUnion of South Africa Unie van Zuid-Afrika (Dutch) Unie van Suid-Afrika (Afrikaans)CurrencySouth African pound (1910–61), South African rand (1961)Preceded by Succeeded by Cape Colony Natal Colony Orange River Colony Transvaal Colony German South West Africa South Africa South West Africa38 more rows.

Who ruled South Africa before Nelson Mandela?

F. W. de KlerkHis Excellency F. W. de Klerk OMG DMSIn office 15 August 1989 – 10 May 1994Preceded byP. W. BothaSucceeded byNelson Mandela as President1st Deputy President of South Africa30 more rows

Is South Africa Dutch or British?

Increased European encroachment ultimately led to the colonisation and occupation of South Africa by the Dutch. The Cape Colony remained under Dutch rule until 1795 before it fell to the British Crown, before reverting back to Dutch Rule in 1803 and again to British occupation in 1806.

What happened in 1910 South Africa?

Launch of Union 1910 On the 31 May 1910, exactly eight years after the Boers had made peace with the English through the Treaty of Vereeniging, South Africa became a Union. Despite the mistrust in the Boer camp, the Afrikaners, as they now became known, had negotiated and achieved self-determination.

Why did Britain want South Africa?

The British wanted to control South Africa because it was one of the trade routes to India. However, when gold and diamonds were discovered in the 1860s-1880s their interest in the region increased. This brought them into conflict with the Boers. … Tensions between Boers and British led to the Boer War of 1899-1902.

Who ruled South Africa during apartheid?

the National PartyRacial segregation had long existed in white minority-governed South Africa, but the practice was extended under the government led by the National Party (1948–94), and the party named its racial segregation policies apartheid (Afrikaans: “apartness”).

How old is South Africa as a country?

Independence: 31 May 1910 (from UK); South Africa became a republic in 1961. Geography: Location: Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the African continent. Area: 1.2 million km² (470,462 sq.

Why did the Dutch settle in South Africa?

Cape Town was founded by the Dutch East India Company or the Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (VOC) in 1652 as a refreshment outpost. The outpost was intended to supply VOC ships on their way to Asia with fresh fruits, vegetables, meat and to enable sailors wearied by the sea to recuperate.

What was South Africa called before apartheid?

In 1919, the group changed its name to the African National Congress (ANC). Prior to 1910, the rights enjoyed by “citizens of colour,” as journalist Sol Plaatje referred to black South Africans at the time, varied widely in the four separate colonies.

What was South Africa called before 1910?

Following the defeat of the Boers in the Anglo-Boer or South African War (1899–1902), the Union of South Africa was created as a self-governing dominion of the British Empire on 31 May 1910 in terms of the South Africa Act 1909, which amalgamated the four previously separate British colonies: Cape Colony, Colony of …

What was South Africa colony called?

Cape Colony, British colony established in 1806 in what is now South Africa. With the formation of the Union of South Africa (1910), the colony became the province of the Cape of Good Hope (also called Cape Province).

Who settled South Africa first?

The first European settlement in southern Africa was established by the Dutch East India Company in Table Bay (Cape Town) in 1652. Created to supply passing ships with fresh produce, the colony grew rapidly as Dutch farmers settled to grow crops.

Is South Africa still under British rule?

The two European countries who occupied the land were the Netherlands (1652-1795 and 1803-1806) and Great Britain (1795-1803 and 1806-1961). Although South Africa became a Union with its own white people government in 1910, the country was still regarded as a colony of Britain till 1961.